Jurisdiction of Bankruptcy Court Set Forth in 28 U.S.C. 1334(a) and (b)
Bankruptcy court has exclusive jurisdiction over the bankruptcy case. 28 U.S.C. 1334(a).

Bankruptcy court has nonexclusive jurisdiction over (1) all civil disputes based on bankruptcy law, (2) all civil disputes based on nonbankruptcy law but arising in a bankruptcy case, and (3) all civil disputes related to a bankruptcy case. A dispute is related to a bankruptcy case if its outcome could have any conceivable effect on a bankruptcy case. In re Fietz, 852 F.2d 455 (9th Cir. 1988). State court has concurrent jurisdiction to hear these issues.


Bankruptcy court has no jurisdiction to hear criminal matters.

Bankruptcy court has no jurisdiction to hear civil matters of a noncommercial nature, such as severance of the marital relationship or child custody (because such matters have no effect per se on the bankruptcy case).



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Divorce & Money: How to Make the Best Financial Decisions
This book is a practical guide to evaluating assets during divorce. It explains how to determine the real value of marital property including houses, businesses, retirement plans and investments and how to negotiate a settlement that is fair to both sides.

Authors: Violet Woodhouse & Dale Fetherling


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TWO KINDS OF BANKRUPTCIES -- Individuals filing for bankruptcy choose one of two types, Chapter 7 and Chapter 13. Chapter 7, the so-called "straight bankruptcy," eliminates all dischargeable debt and stays on the debtor's credit report for 10 years, but the debtor emerges from the bankruptcy with a clean slate. Chapter 13 restructures debt so that the debtor takes a longer time to repay but he or she keeps some property, and it remains on the debtor's credit report for seven years.

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