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Adoption Lawyers in Minnesota
In a direct-placement adoption, a birth mother has selected potential adoptive parents to adopt her child. In step-parent adoptions, a step-parent wishes to adopt his or her stepchild. Often in relative adoptions, an aunt or uncle wishes to adopt his or her niece or nephew or a grandparent wishes to adopt his or her grandchild. In all such proceedings, the birth mother and birth father (and/or any putative fathers) have rights that must be adhered to by the Court.
Despite what many people believe, adoption proceedings are very complex. They generally impact the rights of many individuals, including those who are not always known to the central parties of the proceeding. No matter which side of the adoption proceeding an individual may be on, it is always recommended that the individual obtain experienced legal representation to guide him or her through the difficult process.
Adopted children are treated the same in the eyes of the law as biological children. That is to say, for purposes of Wills, Custody, etc., they are viewed the same.
In agency adoptions, the birth parents transfer their legal rights for the child to be adopted to the State of Minnesota or an adoption agency. Examples include foster care or international adoptions. Direct adoptions are where the birth parents transfer their legal rights of their child directly to the adoptive parents.
Immigration and Adoption - In order to receive immigration benefits, a green card, or citizenship through adoption, the first criteria is that the adoption must finalize before the child turns 16. In some instances there is also a requirement that the child reside with the adoptive parents for 2 years.
Minnesota courts look at many factors in deciding spousal support amounts. A spouse may be entitled to maintenance if he or she cannot support himself or herself despite any marital property received after distribution. Financial resources, employment, education and the personal circumstances of each spouse are considered. A court examines several factors to determine if maintenance is appropriate, and if so, how much and for how long. They include (1) the duration of the marriage, (2) the standard of living enjoyed during the marriage, (3) each spouse's age and health, (4) each spouse's assets, income or ability to earn income, (5) the time needed for the requesting spouse to receive training or education and obtain sufficient employment in order to support himself or herself and (6) the owing spouse's ability to pay. A court can order temporary support while the divorce is pending. Most maintenance is ordered for a specific length of time. Once maintenance is ordered, it can be modified upon a showing of a substantial change in circumstances.
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"A Plain English Guide to Protecting Your Children"
Author: Mary L. Boland, Attorney at Law
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