Interstate Cases

Often parents reside in different states which can create problems for both parties in a child support case. The new UIFSA statute (Uniform Interstate Family Support Act) tries to smooth the way for fewer problems created by parents residing in different jurisdictions.

A court order for child support will follow the custodial parent and the child to wherever they relocate to. An initiating state will either register the order for enforcement themselves, or complete a UIFSA application to send to the state where the noncustodial parent resides. Done by UIFSA, the receiving state is then responsible to obtain and enforce the child support order.

Registration is the easiest way to go when the noncustodial parent and his employer are located and there is already an existing court order in place. The initiating state will be able to serve their own notice of assignment directly to the employer of the noncustodial parent in the different state, and be paid directly. It is much easier for one agency to be involved sometimes on less complicated cases. UIFSA is required when the noncustodial parent is unlocated, uncooperative, hiding assets, and/or if there is no court order in place. Once a UIFSA is filed with the receiving state, that state will proceed to locate the noncustodial parent & his or her assets, establish paternity, set a child support amount, and then serve the notice of assignment and enforce the order.

Often times there are errors or there are differences in the accounting methods, or one state may intercept the noncustodial parent’s taxes & fail to notify the other state. Therefore, noncustodial parents should always keep good records of their payments.

International child support enforcement is also available. Contact your local CSE agency to determine if they have reciprocity with the country where the noncustodial parent resides. California has reciprocity with Mexico, Canada, Great Britain, France, Germany and many other countries.

Useful Online Tools

Custody, Visitation & Support Modification
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State Specific - Custody/Visitation/Support Modification Forms with Instructions
This software provides all the forms and instructions to modify child custody, visitation and/or child support through the court. The modification software will help you change your court orders to reflect current conditions.

Suggested Reading
Child Support Handbook
Child Support Handbooks
These download books will explain in detail how child support works in your state. It will focus on the rights each father, mother and child has under certain laws, situations, and circumstances, and how child support is calculated using the official state child support guidelines.

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