F - Online Divorce Dictionary
FACTORS - elements in case law, court rules or statutes a court must consider before making a decision.
FAIR AND REASONABLE - the judicial standard for approving marital agreements.
FAIR CREDIT REPORTING ACT (1997) - a federal law that regulates credit bureaus and protects consumers.
FAIR MARKET VALUE - the price a willing buyer pays a willing sell after an arm’s length negotiation.
FAIR VALUE - an appraisal price considered equitable or reasonable.
FAMILY COURT - a court with jurisdiction over child support , divorce and comparable issues. In Pennsylvania, Family Courts are part of the Court of Common Pleas.
FATHER’S RIGHTS - legal principles and concepts promoting the idea that custody decisions must not discriminate against fathers.
FAULT - BASED DIVORCE - a type of divorce to be granted if one member of the marriage is guilty of some kind of marital misconduct.
FAULT GROUNDS - include abandonment, adultery, deviant sexual conduct, cruelty, drunkenness, mental illness, imprisonment, sexual desertion, drug addiction and nonsupport.
FEDERAL PREEMPTION - the supremacy of the U.S. Constitution and federal law over the state and local law.
FEE ARBITRATION - a procedure in most states for an informal but binding forum to resolve fee disputes between attorneys and clients.
FEE SIMPLE ESTATE - absolute ownership unencumbered by an other interest or estate; subject only to the limitations of eminent domain, escheat, police power, and taxation.
FELONY - a serious crime with a sentence of one year or longer.
FICA - the Federal Insurance Contributions Act, which regulates Social Security benefits and taxes.
FICO SCORE - A mathematical formula invented by Fair Isaac Corp., used to determine the credit worthiness of an individual and appropriate interest rates.
FILE - to personally deliver a document to a clerk of a court so that the document can be included in the official records of a case.
FINAL JUDGMENT - relitigation of a matter as the result of a judge’s decision. It does not become final for purposes of appeal until the expiration of a certain amount of time.
FINANCIAL STATEMENT - a statement of finances used in divorce actions.
FIND; FINDINGS; FINDINGS OF FACT - what the court determines are the facts of the case.
FOREIGN ORDER - a court order issued by another county, state or nation outside of the jurisdiction in which the custodial parent lives.
FORENSICS - a general term sometimes used by a therapist hired to evaluate a family. The therapists will state in court which parent they feel should have custody of the child. This is know as a Custody Evaluation.
FORFEITURE OF ASSETS - a comprehensive term that means a divestiture of specific property without compensation.
FORUM NON CONVENIENS - a term literally meaning an "inconvenient venue."
FORUM SHOPPING - refers to the practice of shopping for a court in a jurisdiction where a more favorable outcome is likely.
FOUNDATION - the evidence that must be presented before asking certain questions or offering documentary evidence on trial.
FRAUD - a material and intentional misrepresentation, by omission or commission, to induce someone to surrender something of value.
FRAUDULENT CONVEYANCE - the transfer of an asset out of a debtor’s name to keep it from the reach of a creditor.
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