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What is Non-Marital Property?
"Non-marital" property in Maryland is property: 1) acquired before the marriage; 2) acquired by inheritance or gift from a 3rd party (other than a spouse); 3) excluded by valid agreement (e.g. a Pre-Nuptial or Separation Agreement); or 4) directly traceable to any of these sources.
When property is considered non-marital, the property is excluded from division by the Court upon divorce. However, the value of the property can be considered by the Court as a factor when determining alimony or equitable distribution of marital property.
The burden of proving the existence of non-marital property, and tracing the property to its original source, is on the party asserting the claim. When non-marital property has been commingled with marital property (e.g. with funds in a joint account or by improving or purchasing a marital home), the ability to directly trace the non-marital property is more difficult.
Alimony is awarded on a case-by-case basis in Maryland. The court decides the amount and duration of spousal support, based on what it considers a fair and equitable award for both parties.
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