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The Importance of Temporary Custody in Minnesota
In cases where the issue of custody is contested, there is often an initial hearing where the Court decides issues of custody, visitation, child support, spousal maintenance, occupancy of the homestead, etc. on a temporary basis, pending issuance of the final Judgment & Decree or Divorce - which can be several months or even a year or more in contested custody cases.
The general rule is that no testimony is taken at the temporary relief hearing. Rather, the Court decides the issues of temporary custody, etc., on the basis of parties’ respective motions and affidavits, and on the arguments of counsel made at the hearing. It is extremely important to take the time at this stage to get affidavits and documentation from all those who have relevant knowledge.
Legally, the fact that one party or the other is granted temporary custody has no bearing on which party should ultimately be awarded permanent custody in the final Judgment and Decree of Divorce. However, it is important to understand that the temporary custody order represents the Court’s best initial guess as to which parent is the more suitable custodian, and it sets the tone for subsequent the proceedings.
Temporary orders may be modified at any time during the pendency of the proceedings. However, in practice, the Court will not seriously consider a motion to modify temporary custody unless there has been a demonstrable change of circumstances since the prior order. The most common reason for modification of a temporary order is the issuance of the custody evaluator’s report.
NOTE WELL: If you intend to seek custody, it is important that at the time of separation you do not move out and leave the children in the care of the other party in the marital home. If you do so, the other parent will certainly argue that he or she should be awarded temporary custody of the children simply to maintain continuity and stability for the children.
* THE INFORMATION IN THIS ARTICLE IS NOT ADVICE FOR YOUR PARTICULAR CASE. ALSO, THIS INFORMATION APPLIES ONLY TO MINNESOTA LAW, AND NOT TO THE LAW OF ANY OTHER STATE OR COUNTRY.
The non-custodial parent is responsible for paying child support. In Minnesota the amount of child support is based on the non-custodial parent's income and the number of dependent children. A court may adjust the support amount at its discretion. Factors examined for adjustment include: (1) the custodial parent's income and assets, (2) any extraordinary financial needs the child may have, such as medical or educational expenses, (3) the child's standard of living during the parents' marriage and (4) whether the paying parent receives public assistance.
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