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Untying the Knot Part I - Financial Considerations in Divorce
Divorce is not easy. Just ask anyone who has been through it. Besides the emotional aspect, the financial impact can be devastating for both sides. How can you financially survive? Having a good understanding of your assets and educating yourself before agreeing to any type of settlement will pay off down the road.
Pre-divorce financial planning can play an integral part in finding an equitable distribution, especially in mediation and collaborative divorce cases. Remember, equitable does not mean an equal division of the marital assets. Many factors are used to determine that amount. Many couples are looking for the best solution, particularly when children are involved. Rather than focusing on what you want, what do you need to support a post-divorce lifestyle? One spouse may want the home for emotional reasons. But being asset rich and cash poor can have serious consequences. Will there be anything left after the house bills are paid?
A divorce planner can help you understand your current and future assets and liabilities as well provide a clear understanding of cash flow and projected cash flow post-divorce. Having an unbiased opinion can help take the emotion out of the decision making to help find a workable solution that you can both live with.
Do you understand pension valuations, social security benefits, tax consequences of spousal support and dependency exemptions? Is one spouse highly compensated? How to value "nonwage" benefits? Does one spouse have a business? Are there substantial non-income producing assets? These questions and many others will need to be addressed.
As with any negotiation, preparation is the key to success. During emotional times, it can be hard to think clearly or rationally, so get a team of professionals who can guide you along the way. If divorce is inevitable, here are a few tips to get organized:
New Jersey has five types of spousal support. Rehabilitative alimony is a short-term monetary award that allows a spouse to go back to school or obtain training to re-enter the workforce. Limited duration alimony is awarded in cases of a short marriage when rehabilitative alimony doesn't apply. Reimbursement alimony is awarded when one spouse makes a personal sacrifice so that the other spouse could receive professional or career training. Alimony pendente lite is awarded when a divorce is pending so that both parties can maintain their current standard of living until a final judgment is made. Finally, there is permanent alimony which is usually appropriate in long term marriages and typically terminates upon the death of either party or remarriage.
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