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Legal Separation in Oregon

While the decision to divorce is clear-cut for some people, the complexity of emotional, financial and parenting needs associated with a marriage motivates some spouses to consider other, non-divorce options to restructure their marriage. These may include a trial physical separation (moving out), separating finances while continuing to cohabitate, and the most comprehensive alternative, legal separation.

The Similarities of Divorce and Legal Separation

Before looking at the differences, let’s consider the similarities between legal separation and divorce. Most notably, the steps you go through, the decisions you need to make, and the overall expense of legal separation in Oregon is practically the same as a divorce in Oregon. As with divorce, spouses going through a legal separation develop a legally binding settlement agreement regarding custody, child and spousal support, division of property, asset and debt distribution, and retirement accounts. The challenge and impacts of these decisions usually necessitate that the spouses obtain support from a divorce mediator or family law attorneys, and spouses have the same options as they would in a standard divorce.

Why Obtain a Legal Separation?

The reasons people may elect a legal separation over a divorce are related to the primary difference; with a legal separation you are still married. The main reasons are:

  • You are not 100% certain they want to end the marriage, or are not yet emotionally ready to call it quits, yet want to be independent in all other ways (financial, parenting, living, etc.). Thus, a legal separation operates as a “last stop” for couples who have not given up hope for saving the marriage.
  • You have religious, psychological, or moral objections to divorce, which may include worry or fear of shame about the concept of divorce from your family, church or community
  • There is a financial benefit to remaining legally married in the form of tax status, continued health insurance, or other financial marital benefits. Each of these benefits should be verified before deciding to obtain a legal separation.
  • You want to protect yourself from exposure to your spouse’s debts and liabilities. Obtain professional legal advice about this, as your protection may not extend to debts such as a mortgage on which you are named.
  • You want to file for divorce in Oregon, but don’t want to wait the required six months of prior residency; you can file for a legal separation instead, then turn it into a divorce after the six months of residency.

Legal Separation vs. Divorce in Oregon

A legal separation in Oregon is different than a divorce in that many of the terms of the separation are considered temporary, a bit more like a working agreement until later modification. What may not be considered temporary, depending on the terms, are the core property, asset/debt and retirement distribution agreements. In Oregon, you can easily convert your legal separation into a legal divorce (dissolution of marriage), thereby making all the terms of your legal separation final, within two years of the legal separation simply by filing a form (and incurring no additional fees.)

If it has been more than two years since your legal separation and you want to alter your legal separation agreement or file for divorce, you will need to file anew with the court (and pay the filing fees).

And the Decision Is . . .

After learning that the process and costs for a legal separation in Oregon are the same as a divorce, and evaluating the actual financial benefits of remaining legally married, many of my clients over the years who were considering legal separation have ended up making the decision to get a divorce. In the words of one client who wrestled with this decision, “We can still work on our relationship, go on dates and go to counseling or even move back in together if we are no longer married.” By clarifying the similarities and differences between divorce and legal separation in Oregon, I hope you are better able to choose which path is right for you.


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Oregon Courts decide child custody when the parents cannot. The court considers the best interests of the child when making a ruling. Child support payments are based on an income shares model. Each parent is required to contribute financially to their child's upbringing and each person's share is calculated in proportion to their income. Each parent must provide copies of his or her W-2s to verify income. Along with the income statements, the court considers each parent's ability to borrow funds, earning capacity, and the child's needs. The court may order the parent paying child support to buy a life insurance policy and keep it in force so that the child will still be supported if the parent dies before he or she reaches the age of majority.
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